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Carl Ludvig Engel

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Works Helsinki Library, at Helsinki, Finland, 1840.
Biography Carl Ludvig Engel

(b. Germany 1778; d. Finland 1840)

Born in Charlottenburg, Berlin in 1778, Carl Engel trained at the Berlin Institute of Architecture after which he served as town architect of Tallinn, Estonia. In 1815 he traveled through Leningrad. Through connections made on his journey through Russia, Engel received a commission to reconstruct the city of Turku, Finland which was then under Russian control.

In 1816 Engel moved to Helsinki, Finland where he produced several notable building in the formal neoclassical style that he had learned in Leningrad. In 1924 he was appointed Director of Public Housing. During his tenure as Director, he produced a pattern book on urban planning that had a lasting influence on Finnish planning and urbanism.

Although he mainly worked in Finland, where he established a neoclassical style that dominated Finnish architecture for a hundred years, Engel acquired his mastery of the neoclassical language in Russia. Engel's German origins balanced the Russian traditionalism he adopted from his travels in Leningrad. The scale and elegance he borrowed from Russian and German architecture helped him define an emerging Finnish style.

Engel worked as Director of Public Housing until his death in Finland in 1840.

References
Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p50.

Adolf K Placzek. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects. Vol. 1-4. London: The Free Press, 1982. ISBN 0-02-925000-5. NA40.M25. p26-27.

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