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Johann Balthasar Neumann

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Works Vierzehnheiligen, at near Bamberg, Germany, 1743 to 1772.

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Biography Johann Balthasar Neumann

(b. Cheb, Bohemia 1687; d. Wurzburg, Germany 1753)

Johann Neumann was born in Cheb, Bohemia in 1687. Apprenticed to a metal founder, he migrated to Wurzburg in 1711. Initially his talents were focussed on military engineering, but around 1717 the powerful Schonborn family became his patron. Through the Schonborns he received commissions for a variety of buildings.

Distinguishing himself on these early commissions, Neumann was placed in charge of a team of brilliant young architects, artists and craftsmen. His creative and administrative talents commended Neumann to his employer and to other patrons in high places.

When his patron, the prince bishop, died in 1746 Neumann was demoted as chief architect. Reinstated in 1749, Neumann designed his last great works in a tranquil, classical manner.

Neumann died in Wurzburg, Germany in 1753.

Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p114.

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