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Capitol at Williamsburg
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Location Williamsburg, Virginia   map
Date 1701 to 1715   timeline
Building Type government center
 Construction System bearing masonry, brick
Climate temperate
Context colonial urban
Style US Colonial, Georgian





Discussion Capitol at Williamsburg Commentary

"The Capitol, Williamsburg, Virginia, is an accurate reconstruction of the Capitol as it was completed in 1705. The latter was replaced after a fire in 1747 by another building, which was in turn burned down in 1832. The plan is H-shaped, with two apsidal-ended wings. The entrance is through a central linking block which, on the ground floor, takes the form of an open arcaded loggia and, on the first floor, housed a conference room for joint meetings between the Governor's Council and members of the House of Burgesses. Built of brick and basically Georgian in character, the building shows the effect of climate on architectural style; because of the heat of the Virginian summers, the proportion of solid to void is considerably higher than in English examples. The open entrance loggia permits the free circulation of air."

— Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p1217.

In the restored part of Williamsburg.

Sources on Capitol at Williamsburg

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. nine squares diagram, p188. binuclear diagram, p204.   Updated edition available at Amazon.com

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p1217.   The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

Philip Kopper. Colonial Williamsburg. Photography by Langdon Clay. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986. interior photo of general court, p63. interior photo of hall of house of burgesses, p63. exterior photo, p62.

Marcus Whiffen and Frederick Koeper, American Architecture, Vol. 1. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1984. elevation drawing, f13, p20.   An excellent survey of American architecture. Reprint Edition available at Amazon.com

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.—



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