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Architect John Wood
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Location Bath, England   map
Date 1754   timeline
Building Type attached houses
Climate temperate
Context urban
Style Neoclassical
Notes houses make a tight circle around traffic circle.


Photo, exterior, showing a section of the curving facade


Elevation Drawing

Plan Drawing

Site Plan Drawing

3D Model
3D Massing Model (DesignWorkshop 3dmf)

Model Viewing Instructions
Discussion Circus at Bath Commentary

"...in the 1740s and fifties, responding to Neoclassical currents, John Wood conceived the inspired, if quixotic, idea of recreating some of the monuments of Roman Bath, which were to include an Imperial gymnasium, a forum, and a circus. The first went unrealized, the second was disappointing, but the third was a stunning success. The Bath Circus disposes some thirty-three houses around a circle (which Wood thought might be used 'for the exhibition of sports'), interrupted only by three radiating streets. The scheme combined the French rond-point format with the ingenious idea of using the Colosseum turned outside in, its three successive orders much reduced in scale, without arches but with cinquecentesque doubled columns. At the end of one of the three streets of the Circus, John Wood the Younger in 1767 took his father's sensational step further in the thirty houses of the Royal Crescent."

— Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p405.

Sources on Circus at Bath

Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. LC 79-18045. NA2760.C46. site plan, p223.   A nice graphic introduction to architectural ideas. Updated 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

Howard Davis. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1536.019

Leonora Ison. English Architecture Through the Ages, Secular Building. New York: Coward-McCann, 1967. LC 66-24565. NA961.I8 1967. partial elevation drawing, p33.

Stefan Muthesius. The English Terraced House. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-300-03176-9. LC 82-50442. NA7328.M88. site plan drawing, f124, p158.

Christian Norberg-Shultz. Late Baroque and Rococo Architecture. New York: Electa/Rizzoli, 1980. NA590.N63. ISBN 0-8478-0475-5. LC 82-62750. plan, p31.

Nikolaus Pevsner. An Outline of European History. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1960. exterior photo of circus and trees, plate 490, p581.

Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. discussion, p405.   Available at Amazon.com

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.—



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