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|Location||near Potsdam, Germany map|
|Date||1919 to 1921 timeline|
|Building Type||laboratory, observatory|
|Construction System||bearing masonry, concrete over brick|
|Style||Expressionist Early Modern|
|Notes||Curvaceous, streamlined form.|
|Discussion||Einstein Tower Commentary
"Erich Mendelsohn's small, but powerfully modeled tower, built to symbolize the greatness of the Einsteinian concepts, was also a quite functional house. It was designed to hold Einstein's own astronomical laboratory... Mendelsohn was after a completely plastic kind of building, moulded rather than built, without angles and with smooth, rounded corners. He needed a malleable material like reinforced concrete, which could be made to curve and create its own surface plasticity, but due to post-war shortages, some parts had to be in brick and others in concrete. So the total external effect was obtained by rendering the surface material. Even so, this 'sarcophagus of architectural Expressionism' is one of the most brilliantly original buildings of the twentieth century."
Dennis Sharp. Twentieth Century Architecture: a Visual History. p65.
The tower was begun in 1919, was effectively finished in 1921 and was officially opened in 1924.
Sources on Einstein Tower
Dennis Sharp. Twentieth Century Architecture: a Visual History. New York: Facts on File, 1990. NA 680.S517. ISBN 0-8160-2438-3. p65.
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986. photo, fig 806, p 514. Available at Amazon.com
Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.
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