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|Location||Escalada, near Leon, Spain|
|Discussion||San Miguel Commentary
"San Miguel de la Escalada, near Leon, is the finest and largest of the Mozarabic churches. It was founded by Córdoban refugees and relies upon some of the craft traditions of the Mosque of Córdoba. It has a basilican plan, with a nave of five bays, and fine horseshoe arches on antique columns (probably from a late Roman or Visigothic church on the same site) which are returned across the nave as an iconostasis screen. The three eastern apses are of horseshoe form, in plan, with lobed domical vaults, the whole enclosed within a single masonry mass. The high timber ceiling is later in date and decorated in the Mudéjar manner. There is a shallow clerestory with small horseshoe-headed openings, and a southern portico of about 930 with twelve arched bays similar to those of the nave arcades."
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p346.
Sources on San Miguel
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. "1.6" proportion diagram, p190. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Jerrilynn D. Dodds. Architecture and Ideology in Early Medieval Spain. University Park and London: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1990. photo of exterior with south porch, plate67.
Sir Banister Fletcher. Sir Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture. 18th ed., revised by J.C. Palmes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975. interior photo of crossing and sanctuary, fC, p531. The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p346.
Henri Stierlin. Comprendre l'Architecture Universelle 1. Paris: Office du Livre S.A. Fribourg (Suisse), 1977. longitudinal section drawing, p121. worm's eye axonometric drawing, p128.
Doreen Yarwood. The Architecture of Europe. New York: Hastings House, 1974. ISBN 0-8038-0364-8. LC 73-11105. NA950.Y37. interior perspective drawing, f261, p133.
Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.
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