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Architect unknown
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Location London, England, United Kingdom   map
Date 1397 to 1399   timeline
Building Type meeting hall
 Construction System timber frame
Climate temperate
Context urban
Style Medieval
Notes An ancient, beautiful hammer-beam roof structure of heavy truss-like wood beams, covering half an acre.


Photo, exterior, end facade in context

Photo, exterior, side facade, structural bay

Photo, exterior, entry facade in context


Site Plan Drawing

Section Drawing


Perspective Drawing

Contributions appreciated.

Discussion Westminster Hall Commentary

"The Hall, of which the walls were built in 1097-99, as part of an intended reconstruction of the whole palace, is the oldest extant building on the Palace of Westminster site. Its floor area is about 1850 sq yds, and it is one of the largest mediaeval halls in Europe with an unsupported roof. The roof was originally supported by two rows of pillars, but the present magnificent hammerbeam roof was designed in the reign of Richard II. The mason/architect of the 14th century rebuilding was Henry Yevele, and the carpenter/designer of the roof, Hugh Herland. Westminster Hall was the traditional venue for Coronation banquets."


290 feet long inside, 68 foot span between walls, with ceiling structure rising to 92 feet at the ridge.

Current roof structure built by King Richard II.

Sources on Westminster Hall

Frank Hoar. An Introduction to English Architecture. London: Evans Brothers Limited, 1963. NA961.H6. transverse section drawing, p65. perspective section drawing, p66. perspective section drawing, p66.

Leonora Ison. English Architecture Through the Ages, Secular Building. New York: Coward-McCann, 1967. LC 66-24565. NA961.I8 1967. plan drawing, p63.

John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. New York: Random House, 1975. photo of interior showing hammer-beam roof, p129. Reprint edition: Da Capo Press, April 1991. ISBN 0-3068-0436-0. — An accessible, inspiring and informative overview of world architecture, with lots of full-color cutaway drawings, and clear explanations. Available at Amazon.com

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.—



Web Resources
Links on Westminster Hall

At the UK Parliament official web site

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